- “Sex trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purposes of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age,” (22 USC § 7102; 8 CFR § 214.11(a)).
- “Sex trafficking could basically be defined as the exploitation of vulnerability.”
- Many organizations, including federal agencies such as the FBI, recognize sex trafficking as modern-day slavery.
- There are currently 27 million people worldwide who are human trafficking victims, 1 million of which are sexually exploited children. Human trafficking profits equal about $32 billion a year.
- “450,000 children run away from home every year, and 1 out 3 teens on the streets will be lured into prostitution within 48 hours of leaving home.”
- “A pimp can make $150,000-$200,000 per child each year and the average pimp has 4 to 6 girls.”
- “Estimated number of men a woman or child must have sex with daily: 25 – 48 men daily.”
- 12-14 – Average age of entry into prostitution.
- LVMPD identified 148 child victims of sex trafficking last year and 158 adult victims during 2012-2013.
- Nevada had the 17th highest number of potential human trafficking cases according to the National Human Trafficking Hotline.
- 81% of women in Nevada’s legal brothels want to escape prostitution.
- “Prostitution and sex trafficking are linked in Nevada as elsewhere: sex trafficking happens when and where there is a demand for prostitution and a context of impunity for its customers.” pg. 13
- “Legal prostitution is only 10% of all prostitution in the [Nevada].” pg. 12
- “Nevada’s women are raped at rates that are twice that of New York and a fourth higher than the U.S. average.” pg. 13
- The National Human Trafficking Hotline received 236 calls from Nevada last year.
How Pimps Work
- Using violence or threatening the person or the person’s family members;
- Harming or depriving the person of basic necessities, such as food, water, or sleep;
- Making false promises of love or companionship;
- Making false promises of a good job and home;
- Restricting contact with friends or family;
- Limiting freedom of movement;
- Controlling the person’s identification documents;
- Threatening deportation or law enforcement action;
- Garnishing the person’s salary to pay off alleged debts; and/or
- Preventing the victim from attending religious services.
- Daddy: Refers to a prostituted woman’s own pimp. Intended to reinforce a perceived status as “the provider.”
- Bottom Girl/Bottom Bitch: Street language referring to female associate who is at the top of the hierarchy of the women/girls controlled by a pimp. The bottom is said to be the foundation that the “family” can be built upon.
- Folks/Family: Slang term describing one’s pimp and/or the unit as the pimp and other individuals under his control.
- Stable: Demeaning slang term referring to the multiple individuals a pimp may be exploiting at one time. Reinforces the concept of ownership and the dehumanization of the individuals who are being exploited.
- Breaking/Breaking Bread: Slang term meaning giving all of one’s money to one’s pimp.
- Seasoning: When a pimp rapes, beats, manipulates, and intimidates in order to break down a victim.
- Turning Out: Slang term referring to the recruitment process of initiating someone into the sex trade.
- Choosing Up: When a victim makes direct eye contact with a pimp who does not “own” her, or when another pimp manipulates a victim into going with him. The victim has to give her new pimp all of the money she made for the old pimp that evening.
- Reckless Eyeballing: Looking into a pimp’s eyes, which then can cause choosing up or kidnapping for ransom.
- The Game/The Life: Slang term used to describe the sex trade.
- Johns: Slang term to refer to those who purchase commercial sex acts including pornography.
- Lot Lizard: A derogatory term for a person who is being prostituted at truck stops.
- Renegade/Unicorn (Unicorn from RPD): Someone who is involved in prostitution of his or her own accord and has no pimp.
- Squaring Up: Getting away from the trafficking situation.
- Track/Stroll: Slang term referring to an area where street prostitution occurs.
- Trick/Date: Signifies either a person buying a victim, or the act of prostitution.
- Estes, Richard J. and Neil A. Weiner. The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. The University of Pennsylvania School of Social Work: 2001.
- Farley, Melissa. Prostitution and Trafficking in Nevada: Making the Connections. San Francisco, CA: Prostitution Research & Education, 2007. Print.